All living organisms contain networks of biochemical cascade reactions that are catalyzed and regulated by enzymes. In the absence of enzymes, most biological reactions would take too long to occur. The catalytic power of enzymes has been developed though billions of years of natural evolution to meet the demand of the host organism. Consequently, enzymes are the most efficient catalysts identified on Earth.
Most enzymes are globular proteins. Enzymes are built up by amino acids connected by peptide bonds, just as pearls on a necklace. By interactions between the side-chains of the amino acid residues, the necklace folds into a unique three-dimensional structure. The specific sequence of amino acids affects both the three-dimensional protein structure and the catalytic properties of the enzyme. The enzymatic process takes place in a “small” cavity, called active-site.
The character of the enzyme active-site gives each different type of enzyme its unique specificity to select a substrate among many. However, the degree of specificity and selectivity is not always absolute. Some enzymes are very specific towards their substrate and biotransformation. Other enzymes are promiscuous and can act on a range of different substrates and/or even perform different types of chemical transformations. Further, some types of enzymes are specifically degrading macromolecules to smaller nutrients and generating new building blocks. Other types of enzymes are using the generated building blocks to build up new molecules.
Generally, enzymes are considered as being biodegradable, renewable and environmentally friendly catalysts. Therefore, the industry applies enzymes as active ingredients in various types of products (especially foods, diagnostics, detergents and personal care products) and in manufacturing processes (such as leather, paper, textiles, chemicals and pharmaceuticals).
In pCure, the catalytic power of enzymes is utilized to reduce the concentration of harmful pharmaceutical residues released from human consumption to Nature via sewage water. By applying a blend of stable enzymes with broad substrate acceptance, an enhanced removal of various types of pharmaceutical residues are obtained. The enzyme blends used in pCure products are constantly improved to make sure that our customers always have the latest and most efficient products available. This results in that the products and enzyme blends are continosuly updated to maximise pCure´s effect.